AZ-400: Designing and Implementing Microsoft DevOps Solutions Introduction



AZ-400: Designing and Implementing Microsoft DevOps Solutions


Technology Workbook






















Document Control



Proposal Name


Microsoft Azure DevOps Engineer

Document Version

Document Volume



Version 1

Volume 2

Document Release Date


22 April 2021









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This book has been compiled with the help of multiple professional engineers who specialize in different fields e.g. Networking, Security, Cloud, Big Data, IoT etc. Each engineer develops content in his/her own specialized field that is compiled to form a comprehensive certification guide.

About the Technical Reviewers:


Nouman Ahmed Khan

AWS-Architect, CCDE, CCIEX5 (R&S, SP, Security, DC, Wireless), CISSP, CISA, CISM, Nouman Ahmed Khan is a Solution Architect working with a major telecommunication provider in Qatar. He works with enterprises, mega-projects, and service providers to help them select the best-fit technology solutions. He also works as a consultant to understand customer business processes and helps select an appropriate technology strategy to support business goals. He has more than fourteen years of experience working in Pakistan/Middle-East & UK. He holds a Bachelor of Engineering Degree from NED University, Pakistan, and M.Sc. in Computer Networks from the UK.


Abubakar Saeed

Abubakar Saeed has more than twenty-five years of experience, managing, consulting, designing, and implementing large-scale technology projects, extensive experience heading ISP operations, solutions integration, heading Product Development, Pre-sales, and Solution Design. Emphasizing on adhering to Project timelines and delivering as per customer expectations, he always leads the project in the right direction with his innovative ideas and excellent management skills.


Uzair Ahmed

Uzair Ahmed is a computer science graduate working professionally as a product manager. He started his carrier as a technical content developer. He has been a part of a team of professionals operating in implementation of SIEM. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Sciences from PAF-KIET, Pakistan. He has completed training of AWS Solutions Architect and CCNA. He has both the technical knowledge and industry sounding information and has done international cloud based projects. He previously worked as professional developer and obtained a good experience in software and backend development.



Mehwish Jawed

Mehwish Jawed is working as a Technical Content Developer. She holds a Master’s and Bachelor’s of Engineering degree in Telecommunication Engineering from NED University of Engineering and Technology. She also worked under the supervision of Dr.Rizwan Aslam Butt, HEC Approved PhD. Supervisor and a Gold Medallist from UTM, Malaysia. She has more than three published paper including both conference and journal papers. She has a great knowledge of TWDM Passive Optical Network (PON). She also worked a project Engineer and Robotic Trainer in private institute. She has both the technical knowledge and industry sounding information, which she utilizes effectively when needed.


Rameen Anwar

Rameen Anwar, a prospering educationist who is also currently doing a masters in Computer Networks and Information Security.

She works as a Technical Content Writer and also as a faculty member at a private  engineering school, teaching students of Computer Science and Computer Engineering. She holds a bachelors degree in the same field and has a sound knowledge of Networking, Machine Learning, IoT, SQL, Computers, Network Security, development Platform and also knows multiple programming languages.

Not only that, but she also has industry experties in IoT, Image Processing, Machine Learning and also in cloud platforms, as in Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure.


Kulsoom Khan

Kulsoom Khan has completed her Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science from the University of Karachi. She has worked as a research intern at A multinational corporation to further polish her professional skills She has attended a Stanford funded career fellowship program. Ms. Kulsoom makes great use of the skills she has acquired in her role as a technical content writer.




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Content at a glance


Chapter 05: Define and Implement Continuous Integration…….16

Chapter 06: Facilitate Communication and Collaboration………122

Chapter 07: Manage Source Control……………………………191




About Our Products………………………………………….462

















                                                        Table Of  Contents

Chapter 05: Define and Implement Continuous Integration


Create Build Pipeline with Azure Pipelines

Azure Pipelines

Continuous Integration

Lab 5-01: Create a Build Pipeline and Publish the Result

Run Quality Test in your Build Pipeline by Using Azure Pipelines

Automated Testing

Added Benefits

Types of Automated Testing

Makings of a Good Test

Lab 5-02: Run Quality Test in the Build Pipeline

Manage Build Dependencies with Azure Artifacts


Plan Build Dependencies for Your Pipeline

Lab 5-03: Manage Build Dependencies with Azure Artifacts

Host Your Own Build Agent in Azure Pipelines


Choose a Microsoft-hosted or Self-hosted Build Agent

Lab 5-04: Host Build Agents

Configure Infrastructure in Azure Pipelines


Configuration as code

Configuration Tools to be Used

Lab 5-05: Create Infrastructure, Configure and Run Ansible Playbook


Practice Questions

Chapter 06: Facilitate Communication and Collaboration

Analyze DevOps Continuous Planning and Continuous Integration

Continuous Planning

Plan continuously and efficiently with specific direction, concentration, and agility based on Objectives and Key Results (OKR)

Comparison between Continuous and Static Planning

Continuous Integration

Characterize DevOps Continuous Collaboration and Continuous Improvement

Continuous Collaboration

Continuous Improvement

Continuous Feedback

Continuous Improvement Through Value Stream Mapping

Plan and Manage Your Azure Costs

Compare Costs by Using the Total Cost of Ownership Calculator

On Azure, manage and minimize overall costs

Route System Feedback to Develop Teams

Continuous Monitoring

To combine resources, use Azure resource groups

Lab 6-01: Compare Sample Workload Costs Using the TCO Calculator

Lab 6-02: Estimate Workload Cost Using the Pricing Calculator

Mind Map

Practice Questions

Chapter 07: Manage Source Control


Introduction to GitHub



Migrate Your Repository by Using GitHub Best Practices


Migrating an existing project to GitHub

Lab 7-01 – Migrating your repository to GitHub:

Settle Competing Commits by Using Merge Conflicts Resolution on GitHub


Merge Conflicts

Manage an Inner-Source Program by Using GitHub


How to Manage a Successful Innersource Program

Communicate Effectively on GitHub by Using Markdown



Automate DevOps processes by using GitHub Apps

What are GitHub Apps?

GitHub Apps vs. OAuth Apps

Building GitHub Apps with Probot

Lab 7-02: Getting Started with GitHub Apps

Manage software delivery by using release based workflow

Release based workflow

Lab 7-03: Create a Release Based Workflow

Build Continuous Integration (CI) Workflows by Using GitHub Actions

Create a workflow from a template

Lab 7-04: Create the CI Workflow on GitHub

Build and Deploy the Application to Azure

How do we use GitHub Actions to deploy to Azure?

Lab 7-05: Continuous Delivery with Azure

Implement a Code Workflow in the Build Pipeline

What are Git and distributed version control?

Lab 7-06: Implement a Code Workflow in Your Build Pipeline by using Git and GitHub


Practice Questions


Chapter 05:  Define and Implement Continuous Integration

Chapter 06: Facilitate Communcation and Collaboration

Chapter 07: Manage Source Control



About Our Products









Microsoft Certifications

Microsoft Azure Certifications are industry-recognized credentials that validate your technical Cloud skills and expertise while assisting you in your career growth. These are one of the most valuable IT certifications right now since Azure has established an overwhelming growth rate in the public cloud market. Even with the presence of several tough competitors such as Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Engine, and Rackspace, Azure is going to be the dominant public cloud platform today, with an astounding collection of proprietary services that continues to grow.

In this certification, we will discuss cloud concepts where we will learn the core benefits of using Azure like high availability, scalability, etc. We will talk about the Azure Architecture in which cloud resources are put together to work at best; Azure Compute where you will learn how to run applications in Azure; Networking in which the discussion is on how Azure resources communicate with each other; Storage, where you put all of your data and have different ways of storing it. We will also be covering Databases that are used for storage of data, its efficient retrieval as per demand, and to make sure that the users have the right access to the resources. Also, we will counter some complex scenarios with their solutions. We will have discussions on important topics like; Security, which makes Azure the best secure choice for your applications and functions; Privacy, Compliance and Trust that make sure how services ensure privacy and how you stay compliant with standards; As well as, Pricing in Azure to stay ahead on cost.

AZ-900 is the first certification of Microsoft Azure, which is the foundational certificate in Azure. After this certification, you can prove to the world that you are proficient and have the credibility to reach the highest point of your professional life.

Value of Azure Certifications

Microsoft places equal emphasis on sound conceptual knowledge of its entire platform, as well as on hands-on experience with the Azure infrastructure and its many unique and complex components and services.

For Individuals

  • Demonstrate your expertise in designing, deploying, and operating highly available, cost-effective, and secured applications on Microsoft Azure.
  • Gain recognition and visibility of your proven skills and proficiency with Azure.
  • Earn tangible benefits such as access to the Microsoft Certified Community, get invited to Microsoft Certification Appreciation Receptions and Lounges, obtain Microsoft Certification Practice Exam Voucher and Digital Badge for certification validation, Microsoft Certified Logo usage.
  • Foster credibility with your employer and peers.


For Employers

  • Identify skilled professionals to lead IT initiatives with Cloud technologies.
  • Reduce risks and costs to implement your workloads and projects on the Azure platform.
  • Increase customer satisfaction.

Types of Certification

Role-based Certification

  • Fundamental – Validates overall understanding of the Azure Cloud.
  • Associate– Technical role-based certifications. No pre-requisite required.
  • Expert– Highest level technical role-based certification.


About Microsoft Certified: Microsoft Azure DevOps Engineer Technologies


Exam Questions

Case study, short answer, repeated answer, MCQs

Number of Questions


Time to Complete

150 minutes

Exam Fee

165 USD


The Microsoft Certified: Azure Architect exam validates the examinee’s expertise implementing, managing, and security of an organization’s Microsoft Azure environment. This exam measures your ability to accomplish the following technical tasks:

  • Design a DevOps Strategy (20-25%)
  • Implement DevOps Development Processes (20-25%)
  • Implement Continuous Integration (10-15%)
  • Implement Continuous Delivery (10-15%)
  • Implement Dependency Management (5-10%)
  • Implement Application Infrastructure (15-20%)
  • Implement Continuous Feedback (10-25%)



Recommended Knowledge 

A candidate for this exam should have advanced experience and knowledge of IT operations, including networking, virtualization, identity, security, business continuity, disaster recovery, data platform, budgeting, and governance–this role should manage how decisions in each area affect an overall solution. In addition, this role should have expert-level skills in Azure administration and have experience with Azure development and DevOps processes.





Domain 1

Design a DevOps Strategy


Domain 2

Implement DevOps Development Processes


Domain 3

Implement Continuous Integration


Domain 4

Implement Continuous Delivery


Domain 5

Implement Dependency Management


Domain 6

Implement Application Infrastructure


Domain 7

Implement Continuous Feedback







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